Racism has always been an elusive concept for Blacks to grasp. We can hear and see the obvious xenophobia of Donald Trump’s wall-building language, but we fall over and pant our support for Hillary Clinton, the Roscoe’s-Chicken-&-Waffle-eating woman whose legislative actions marched tens of thousands of Black men into long prison terms for nominal “drug crimes”—whilst the whites with straws and white powder up their noses were deliberately ignored. The Clintons presented a wonderful negro-loving facade but abused their legal knowledge of the criminal justice system to accomplish their racist ends. That is the “ARCHITECTURE OF WHITE SUPREMACY,” and our ignorance of what it is and how it works makes us losers every time, in every generation.
The biography of Robert Moses (1888–1981) is called The Power Broker for good reason. There is no one in the twentieth century that wielded more power than the largely unknown Robert Moses. Nearly every construction project of note in the city and much of the state was built by permission of New York urban planner Robert Moses. The expressways, the bridges, the parkways, the public housing projects, the playgrounds, the parks with zoos and skating rinks, the golf courses, the beaches and even the dam at Niagara were all built under his authority. No mere politician, or combination of politicians, could match the raw dictatorial power Robert Moses wielded over the state of New York.
Moses was also a vicious racist who provides a textbook example of the power of one race-hating public official to create ghettoes, slums, and blight along purely racial lines. Moses threw 250,000 residents out of their homes: that is more people than lived in Albany or Chattanooga, or in Spokane, Akron, Mobile, Nashville or Sacramento. And according to biographer Robert Caro “a disproportionate share of them were black, Puerto Rican—and poor.”
When Moses built housing for poor people, “he built housing bleak, sterile, cheap—expressive of patronizing condescension in every line.” And he built it in locations that “contributed to the ghettoization of the city, dividing up the city by color and income.”
He restricted the use of state parks by poor and lower-middle-class families by limiting access to the parks by rapid transit. He instructed an aide to build the bridges across his new parkways low—too low for buses to pass. Even Governor Roosevelt, the future president, wouldn’t interfere when he found out that “Moses was discouraging Negroes from using many of his state parks.” Biographer Caro wrote:
For Negroes, whom he [Moses] considered inherently “dirty,” there were further measures. Buses needed permits to enter state parks; buses chartered by Negro groups found it very difficult to obtain permits, particularly to Moses’ beloved Jones Beach; most were shunted to parks many miles further out on Long Island. And even in these parks, buses carrying Negro groups were shunted to the furthest reaches of the parking areas. And Negroes were discouraged from using “white” beach areas….
Robert Moses was convinced that Blacks did not like cold water: the temperature at the pool at Jones Beach was deliberately icy to keep Blacks out. He poured tens of millions of dollars into creating new parks in New York for whites, but claimed he could do nothing for inner-city areas where Blacks lived. To discourage “colored” people from using the Thomas Jefferson Pool, Moses, as he had done so successfully at Jones Beach, employed only white lifeguards and attendants. He deliberately spent $30 million less on Riverside Park in the areas adjacent to the Black and Latino neighborhoods. “He added 132 acres to the parts of the park most likely to be used by white people—but not one acre to the part of the park most likely to be used by black people.”
The list of crimes against Blacks and Latinos committed by Robert Moses is virtually endless (Caro’s Pulitzer Prize-winning book is 1,300 pages), but the fact that the hundreds of thousands of jobs created by the massive construction projects were denied to Blacks and Latinos must be considered one of the greatest racial crimes of the 20th century.
(Read the 2016 released THE SECRET RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BLACKS AND JEWS, Volume 3, which focusses entirely on the shocking Leo Frank Case of 1913-1915, which is considered the worst case of “anti-Semitism” in American history. In paperback and Kindle e-book)